The New York TimesThe New York Times

As Russia retreats, a question lingers: Who counts as a collaborator?

By Andrew E. Kramer and Maria Varenikova

22 Sep 2022 · 6 min read

Editor's Note

The New York Times has a gripping on-the-ground report from a recently liberated city, where Ukrainian efforts to punish collaborators are raising thorny moral questions and dividing communities.

IZIUM, Ukraine — Russian officials came to Ina Mandryka with a simple proposition: If she agreed to open her school in a town in occupied territory, and teach in Russian, she would be promoted from deputy principal to principal.

For Mandryka, it was an easy choice. “I refused,” she said. “To teach the Russian curriculum is a crime.” The school, with its classrooms festooned in colorful pictures of giraffes and bears, remained closed.

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