The EconomistThe Economist

Even super-tight policy is not bringing down prices

23 Oct 2022 · 4 min read

Aggressive interest-rate hikes in several countries did little to combat rising inflation. The Economist analyses why it is proving extraordinarily difficult to crush prices all over the world.

Curated by informed

It feels a little unfair. In July 2021, as rate-setters in America and Europe dismissed the risk of entrenched inflation, the Central Bank of Chile got its act together. Worried that inflation would rise and stay high, its policymakers voted unanimously to lift rates from 0.5% to 0.75%. The bank has since raised again and again, outpacing investors’ expectations and taking the policy rate all the way up to 11.25%. Perhaps no other central bank has pursued price stability with such dedication.

Has the star pupil been rewarded? Hardly. In September Chile’s prices rose by 14% year on year. The central bank’s preferred measure of core inflation accelerated to 11% year on year.

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