The EconomistThe Economist

The world’s deadliest war last year wasn’t in Ukraine

17 Apr 2023 · 12 min read

The bloodiest war in the world last year was not in Ukraine, but in Ethiopia. The Economist explains why civil wars are getting longer, more international—and much harder to end.

Curated by informed

Fighter jets roar over Khartoum. Bombs rattle the Sudanese capital. Many civilians, sheltering from what may be the start of a civil war, wonder: “why?”

It is tempting, and correct, to blame individuals. A conflict cannot erupt unless someone chooses to start fighting, and Sudan has two conspicuous villains. The head of the army is battling a militia boss for control of Africa’s third-largest country. General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, Sudan’s de facto ruler, heads a military junta that keeps delaying a promised handover of power to civilians. Muhammad Hamdan Dagalo (better known as “Hemedti”), leads paramilitaries called the Rapid Support Forces, which in an earlier guise committed genocide in Darfur.

The news, curated.

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