LGBT + Adoption Rights

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What rights do LGBT+ people have to adopt children and where?

  • The adoption of children by LGBT+ people has been a controversial subject for many years, and conservative political currents in various countries have reignited the debate.
  • LGBT+ families come in various forms: a same-sex couple may adopt jointly, but often there is one biological and one adoptive parent. Occasionally, a single LGBT+ person will adopt on their own.
  • Joint adoption by same-sex couples is legal in 27 countries as well as several subnational jurisdictions, and five additional countries permit some form of step-child adoption them.
  • Opponents of LGBT adoption argue that it might be detrimental for a child’s development, although research indicates that children fare just as well with same-sex parents.
  • LGBT adoption rights are rarely defined explicitly in constitutions or laws, meaning couples often have to rely on judicial decisions that determine what the adoption rights of LGBT persons are.
  • But in some countries this may change soon: Polish lawmakers announced a new law banning LGBT people from adopting children even if they are not in a same-sex relationship this summer.
  • Hungary went from having one of Eastern Europe’s largest LGBTQ+ movements to passing a law that effectively bans same-sex couples from adopting children.
  • And over in the US, the appointment of conservative and devout Catholic Justice Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court has created an uncertain future for LGBT+ families.
  • In this reading, we pull together some articles worth catching up on about the current adoption rights situation for LGBT+ people and their families.
The Guardian
+ 4 more

5 articles on this topic


LGBT rights: New threat for Poland's 'rainbow families'

4 min read

Hungary once held LGBTQ+ promise — then Orbán stepped in

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6 min read
The Conversation

FactCheck: are children 'better off' with a mother and father than with same-sex parents?

9 min read

Analysis: This is the fight Europe has needed for years

6 min read