What is Gaia-X?

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Gaia-X has huge ambitions to make the EU digitally sovereign. But is it that easy?

  • Gaia-X is a two-year cloud data project that was supposed to be Europe’s answer to the hegemony of US and Chinese cloud companies such as Amazon, Google, Microsoft, Tencent, Alibaba and more.
  • What started as a Franco-German project eventually became a Belgium-based NGO project to ensure digital sovereignty of European cloud service users.
  • Gaia-X also plans to promote European values such as data transparency, openness, data protection and security.
  • Instead of being direct competition to US and Chinese cloud, Gaia-X plans to link different data infrastructures using open standards.
  • It counts well-known companies such as BMW, Airbus, Bosch, Deutsche Telekom, Amadeus, Atos, among others as its founding members. There are 22 founding members and 310 in total.
  • But two years since the project was announced, only 6% of around 500 German companies have even heard of Gaia-X.
  • What’s even more confusing is the Gaia-X alliance making global cloud players such as Microsoft, Huawei, Amazon, Google, Alibaba as full members.
  • We take a look at Gaia-X from all possible angles to see if it can really offer a European alternative to US and Chinese duopoly in cloud computing.
Articles from 4 publishers

4 articles on this topic


Gaia-X cloud: A safe haven for Europe's data?

5 min read

Inside Gaia-X: How chaos and infighting are killing Europe’s grand cloud project

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8 min read
Computer Weekly

Growing pains: Where next for Gaia-X?

7 min read
The Conversation

Country rules: the ‘splinternet’ may be the future of the web

4 min read